Criminalisation du Mouvement des sans terre (MST) au Brésil

Campagne de solidarité internationale

jeudi 12 mars 2009
Lecture .

Les autorités régionales de l’Etat de Rio Grande do Sul (Etat dont la capitale est Porto Alegre) ont décidé de procéder à la fermeture autoritaire d’écoles du MST en les déclarant "illégales". Derrière ce geste lourd de sens, c’est tout ce mouvement au coeur des luttes sociales brésiliennes et du processus du Forum social mondial qui est criminalisé.

Les autorités ont agi pour soutenir les intérêts de l’entreprise multinationale scandinave Stora Enso avec laquelle le MST est en conflit ouvert depuis longtemps.

Participez à la campagne de solidarité internationale lancée à l’initiative du réseau des Amis de la terre Suède.

Signez et faites signer la lettre de protestation disponible ci-dessous.


International call of action :


Sign a protest and Support MST and WSF in Brazil 9.3 and 17.4

Today the 3rd of March 2009 the authorities in Rio Grande do Sul closes all the schools for landless in accampments set up by Movimento SemTerra (MST). Join the international protests ! Sign the petition and take action !

Stop closing schools for the landless and official attacks in Brazil against World Social Forum :

We, the undersigned,

1. Strongly protest the closure of schools for the landless and the attack on World Social Forum alliances by politicians and authorities in Rio Grande do Sul, the birth place of both the landless movement MST’s schools and the World Social Forum (WSF), which are bringing hope to rural education and to the democratisation of the world.

2. Demand that the schools in MST encampments and settlements on the countryside be enabled to continue with public funds and support.

3. Demand that the authorities in Rio Grande del Sul withdraw the description made by its superior public ministry council member Thums of the World Social Forum as a gathering place for “terrorists and marginals”. Thums is also among the responsible for the closing of the schools and attempts to make MST illegal. To use a public office for making such an offence against WSF is not in the interests of the state of Rio Grande do Sul or the integrity of any public service.

4. Protest against the interference by transnational corporations such as Stora Enso in domestic politics, since this gives those who are rich means to undemocratically influence politics.

We also support the MST’s statement as follows :

Ever since the start of the struggle for the land, the care for good education for children and teenagers in MST/RS has been very important for the movement. There has been a lot of fight to make the right for a formal education in the acampments reality. Because of that we express our total support to the schools of the acampments of MST, which are under attack of the government of Rio Grande do Sul and sectors of the Ministério Público, which in the beginning of 2009 declared them closed.

MST is a social and legitimate movement and therefore has the right to an education of quality.that takes in consideration the conditions of the struggle and education at the countryside, where the childern and teenagers live together with their families and their community

We demand the the schools of the acampments of MST shall have the rights to continue

Signatures (name of individual, name of organisation if any, country) :

Send your protests to

Public authorities

Yeda Crusius
Governadora do Estado do RS
E.mail agenda (at)

Ivar Pavan
Presidente da Assembléia Legislativa do Estado do RS
E.mail ivar.pavan (at)

Mariza Abreu
Secretaria de Estado da Educação
E.mail gabinetese (at) br

Mauro Renner
Procurador Geral de Justiça do Estado do RS (via website only) diversos/

Send also copies to MST and support groups

MST General secretariat : sgeral (at)

MST Rio Grande do Sul ; Elizabete Witcel : betieduc (at)

Friends of the Earth Sweden : MSTsupport (at)

Sign the petition and contact others

We call upon educational, environmental, human rights, peace, peasant, rural, social welfare, trade unions, UN associations, women’s and any other organisation concerned about social justice, social forums, environmental and rural concerns to sign the statement and send your protests to the email addresses above. We also urge you to contact other organisations and inform them about the signiture campaign.

Sign the international petition in english at : http://www.gopetiti online/25767. html

When possible we also hope you can translate the protest and spread it among other organisations in your countries and collect signitures in different languages.

Go to the Brazilian embassy 9.3 and 17.4

We also appeal for joint action in two steps. Fiirst to react quickly in countries were it is possible on such a short notice. We propose you to hand over in as creative way as possible your protest already on Monday 9th of March to the Brazilian embassy and take photos or video and share with others via Flickr and You tube. Tag with MST and ”schools for landless”. We also call for a joint day of protest at Brazilian embassies or consulates on the International Peasant Struggles Day established by Via Campesina in memory of the massacre of MST activists 17th of April. You find addresses to Brazilian embassies at http://wwwmre. endereco/ embaixadas. asp and consulates at : http://www.mre. endereco/ consulados. asp

Attac Hungary
Friends of the Earth Brazil
Friends of the Earth Finland
Friends of the Earth Sweden
Friends of MST Finland
Friends of MST Sweden

You can follow updates on the action to support MST at www.aktivism. info/socialforum journey


Stop closing schools for the landless and official attacks in Brazil against World Social Forum :

Authorities controlled by politicians in the state of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil that have received support from the Finnish-Swedish transnational company Stora Enso are now closing schools for landless claiming they must do this according to federal law. The sudden decision to close the schools that have been started in encampments by the MST has come after a growing conflict between Stora Enso and the MST, a movement that defends food sovereignity, ecological agriculture as a sustainable form of agriculture and biological diversity against the monoculture plantations promoted by the transnational cellulose corporation.

A representative of the same authorities that are now closing the schools have simultaneously attacked the World Social Forum (WSF) that started in the capital of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, and for many years have been held there. The WSF is widely respected in Brazil and globally as a strong inspiration for global democracy, including showing how the South can democratise the world. But it is now accused by officials in Rio Grande do Sul of being a gathering place for terrorists and forces of no interest to the majority.

In early 2009, Gilberto Thums, a member of the Superior Council at the ministry in the state of Rio Grande do Sul responsible for education simultaneously attacked both the WSF and the landless movement MST. In a statement in the journal Expansão, he described the WSF as a meeting place for ”terrorists and marginals”. A year or so earlier, in December 2007, Thums was behind a plan where a group of prosecutors would put MST on trial with the aim to “dissolve MST and declare it as illegal”. That plan was unveiled but the authorities are now making new attempts to attack the movement. In February 2009, Thums and the governor of the state Yeda Crusius were behind the closure of seven schools in MST encampments. A five-year-old article in the magazine Veja is cited in a report that has now been used as argument for the closure. The article accused schools in MST encampments and settlements for “defending socialism”, ”developing a revolutionary ideology”, and “supporting intolerance”. The “aggressive ideology” of the MST is now being used as an official argument for closing the schools.

The MST in Rio Grande do Sul was a pioneer twelve years ago in implementing a Brazilian law that supported schools in the countryside, and has become a model for the rest of the country. UNICEF Brazil have awarded the educational work which has developed due to MST as a model for education among children in vulnerable socio-economic conditions. The teacher’s union in Rio Grande do Sul has also awarded a prize to these schools. Almost 200,000 pupils attend the schools in the MST encampments and settlements. Slightly more than half of the schools are run on public money, and the rest voluntarily by MST.

MST is not only struggling for implementing agrarian reform and education in the countryside but is also engaged in work of importance to the survival of the planet. The 1.5 million participants in the movement are aiming at ecological agriculture. This work of theirs is a direct threat to transnational companies who wish to make profit from gene-manipulated plants and monoculture plantations for the cellulose and agrofuel industries. One of the main opponents of MST is Stora Enso. To strengthen its political influence, Stora Enso has given financial support in the election to those political forces that are now trying to stop the landless movement and to make it impossible for MST to continue its struggle for agrarian reform. Governor Yeda, who has been directly supported by Stora Enso, has now declared - immediately after closing the schools of the landless - that everything should be done to help Stora Enso forest industry to get established in the state – ”that is the road to development and we will not abdicate from that”.

We oppose this politics in the interest of Northern transnational corporations and the accusation that the WSF is an illegitimate, undemocratic force.

Undersigned organisations thus request that all who want to defend both the WSF and schools for landless in Brazil support –

  • The four demands above
  • The statement issued by the MST in Rio Grande do Sul against the closure of schools in MST encampments in the state

Sources :

Expansão : http://www.revistae br (only latest issue)
Expansão, quotes from January 2009 issue : http://www.mst. pagina.php ? cd=6312

Material on the attempts at criminalising MST :
In english : http://www.europe- solidaire. org/spip. php ?article10938
In french : http://www.cgas. ch/SPIP/spip. php ?article923
In portuguese : http://www.mst. especiais. php ?ed=71
Information about the documents on the attempt at dissolving MST : http://www.mst. pagina.php ? cd=5588
Official ministerial Rio Grande do Sul web page with a clipping from a newspaper stating the role of Thums in attempting at dissolving MST : imprensa/ clipping/ id68513.htm
Manifestations against criminalisation of MST 20 minutes video : http://br.truveo. com/Criminaliza% C3%A7%C3% A3o-do-MST- no-RS-junho- de-2008/id/ 1739375251

Material on closing schools at all MST acampements in Rio Grande do Sul :
Fundamentalismo d direita fecha escolas inierantes do MST e deixa 310 criancas sem educacao, Leandro Scalabrin, membro da comissão de direitos humanos OAB - Passo Fundo – RS, Longer text with quotes from official documents and reference to Veja article : http://www.mst. pagina.php ? cd=6308
Madraçais do MST : http://veja. br/080904/ p_046.html
Comissão Pastoral da Terra ; Terrorismo cultural no Rio Grande do Sul : fechamento de escolas em Acampamentos
http://www.mst. pagina.php ? cd=6309
Escolas itinerantes do MST. Um crime é fechá-las. Entrevista especial com Altair Morback e Isabela Braga, Do Instituto Humanitas Unisinos : http://www.mst. pagina.php ? cd=6311
Opinion : Por que Yeda acabou com a Escola Itinerante ? http://www.correiod br/noticia. asp ?c=149947
Câmara dos Deputados manifesta repúdio ao fechamento de escolas no RS ; Comissão de Direitos Humanos e Minorias Brasília, 19 de fevereiro de 2009, http://www.agenciab br/noticias/ 2009/02/19/ materia.2009- 02-19.1741729769 /view

Material on Stora Enso support of Yeda :
Official report on contributions in elections at : http://www.tse.

Material on corrupcion accusations against Yeda :
Ex-assessor de Yeda Crusius é encontrado morto no lago Paranoá, em Brasília, Folha de S. Paulo, http://www1. brasil/ult96u505 227.shtml

General on MST :
Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia .org/wiki/ Landless_ Workers%27_ Movement
Branford, Sue and Rocha, Jan. Cutting the Wire : The story of the landless movement in Brazil. 2002. Latin American Bureau, London.
Harnecker, Marta ; Landless people : building a social movement, Editora Expressão Popular
Kjörling, Lennart, Så länge det finns hunger, Ordfront, review of book : http://dagensbok. com/index. php ?s=+&mf_key=dbc_legacy_ id&mf_value=1037
Linton, Magnus, Americanos, Atlas, review of book : http://dagensbok. com/2006/ 01/09/magnus- linton-americano s/
Review of video : “Cutting the Wire” http://www.pbs. org/frontlinewor ld/rough/ 2005/12/brazil_ cutting.html#
Review of Video in spanish/portuguese with english subtitles : Landless Workers’ Movement : History did not end. http://www.visualab .org/index. php/history
MST : Los Sin Tierra por los caminos de America, video by AbyaYalaUnida : com/profile ? user=AbyaYalaUni da&view=videos&start=340
Landreform i Brasilien och Movimento dos Sem Terra – MST, Sveriges ambassad Brasilien, PM, 2007-07-03, 1(10) Brasilia, Karin Wallensteen (Report on MST by Swedish embassy in Brasilia)
Friends of MST, US with english material : http://www.mstbrazi

Official MST web site : http://www.mst.

Official UDR web site, opponent to MST : http://www.udr.

Information on Stora Enso and plantations :
“Dossier Stora Enso” (in spanish) REDES – Amigos de la Tierra Uruguay : uy
Friends of the Earth exhibition (in english) Eycalyptus, Paper and the social struggle :
http://www.foeeurop s/spip.php ? article2
Information on MST mobilisation against Stora Enso (in portuguese) :
Agencia de Noticias Chasque : www.agenciachasque.
Jornal Brasil de Fato : www.brasildefato.
Radio Mundo Real (RMR) : www.radiomundoreal. fm

A lire également